According to the Social-Political Tendencies survey released on Wednesday, corruption was ranked the third most-important problem in Turkey, with 14.2 percent of respondents believing that corruption is the most important problem in Turkey. This is the first time corruption has been included as an option for the most important problem in Turkey.
The majority of respondents (29.3 percent) still think unemployment is the most important problem in Turkey. Terrorism, which was perceived to be the second most-important problem in 2012, dropped to seventh in this survey, with 4.7 percent of the vote.
The survey also reveals that the percentage of Turkish people who believe that PM Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s policies are not successful has increased to 46.8 percent, compared with last year’s figure of 35.9 percent. According to 46.4 percent of those surveyed, the ruling Justice and Development Party’s (AK Party) policies are not successful either. The majority of respondents (54.9 percent) said the influence of the military on politics has decreased.
The most radical changes in the survey were in the section concerning the terrorism problem in Turkey. When asked what is the most effective method to fight terrorism, 40.1 percent of respondents said political methods. Only 26.1 percent of people asked said political methods last year. Accordingly, the percentage of people who believe that the most effective method against terrorism is military measures dropped from 50.1 percent last year to 35.9 percent.
In one section of the survey, the government’s economic policies were also assessed by respondents. Of those questioned, 33.5 percent consider the government’s economic policies to be successful, while 48.1 percent believe they are unsuccessful.
Gezi protests affected politics
The survey also asked respondents for their views on the Gezi Park protests, which began last May in protest against government plans to redevelop Gezi Park, in İstanbul’s Taksim Square. When respondents were asked whether the Gezi protests have affected the policy-making process in Turkey, 60.1 percent said, “Yes, it has affected it.”
Of those questioned, 27.6 percent consider the policy pursued by the government during the Gezi Park protests to be successful, while 52.8 consider it to be unsuccessful. When asked what was the main reason behind the Gezi protests, 30.2 percent of respondents consider it a “reaction to government policies,” while 29.8 percent consider it a “provocation from foreign powers” and 21.8 percent see it as a “demand for basic rights and freedoms.” Regarding the media’s coverage of the Gezi incidents, 47.4 consider it to be unsuccessful.
According to the survey, the majority of the Turkish public does not support the Turkish government’s policies towards Syria and Egypt, two countries that are currently at odds with Ankara. Regarding Turkey’s accession process to the European Union, 51.8 percent of respondents support the membership bid, but the survey notes that public faith in the EU has been decreasing.
Meanwhile, 49.4 percent of respondents believe that Turkey should not form an alliance with any foreign country in its foreign policy and should act alone. The survey was carried out from Dec. 26, 2013 to Jan. 13, 2014 in face-to-face interviews with 1,000 people in 26 different city centers across Turkey.