“Islamic State (IS)” militants extended their gains in northern Iraq on Thursday, seizing more towns and strengthening a foothold near the Kurdish region in an offensive that has alarmed the Baghdad government and regional powers, reports Today’s Zaman.
The advance forced thousands of residents of Iraq’s biggest Christian town to flee, fearing they would be subjected to the same demands the extremist militants made in other captured areas — leave, convert to Islam or face death.
The “Islamic State,” which is considered more extreme than al-Qaeda, sees Iraq’s majority Shiites and minorities such as Christians and Yazidis — a Kurdish ethno-religious community — as infidels.
In Rome, Pope Francis appealed to world leaders to help end the crisis in northern Iraq after the “Islamic State” advance forced thousands of Christians to flee.
The militant group said in a statement on its Twitter account that its fighters had seized 15 towns, the strategic Mosul dam on the Tigris River and a military base in an ongoing offensive that began at the weekend.
Kurdish officials say their forces still control the dam, Iraq’s biggest.
On Thursday, two witnesses told Reuters by telephone that “Islamic State” fighters had hoisted the group’s black flag over the dam, which could allow the militants to flood major cities or cut off significant water supplies and electricity.
The Sunni militants inflicted a humiliating defeat on Kurdish forces in the weekend sweep, prompting tens of thousands from the ancient Yazidi community to flee the town of Sinjar for surrounding mountains.
Some of the many thousands trapped by “Islamic State” fighters on Mount Sinjar have been rescued in the past 24 hours, a spokesman for the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said, adding that 200,000 people had fled the fighting.
“This is a tragedy of immense proportions, impacting the lives of hundreds of thousands of people,” spokesman David Swanson said by telephone.
Many of the displaced people urgently need water, food, shelter and medicine, he said. A spokesman for the UN agency for children said many of the children on the mountain were suffering from dehydration and at least 40 had died.
Yazidis, seen by the “Islamic State” as “devil worshipers,” risk being executed by the Sunni militants seeking to establish an Islamic empire and redraw the map of the Middle East.
In Kirkuk, a strategic oil town in the north, 11 people were killed by two car bombs that exploded near a Shiite mosque holding displaced people, security and medical sources said.
In other violence, a car bomb in a Shiite area of Baghdad killed 14.
Gains by the “Islamic State” have raised concerns that militants across the Arab world will follow their cue. At the weekend, the Sunni militants seized a border town in Lebanon, though they appear to have mostly withdrawn.
Iraq’s integrity threatened
The “Islamic State,” which has declared a caliphate in the areas of Iraq and Syria it controls, clashed with Kurdish forces on Wednesday in the town of Makhmur, about 40 miles southwest of Arbil, the capital of the Kurdish Autonomous Region (KRG).
Witnesses said the militants had seized Makhmur but Kurdish officials told local media their forces remained in control there and television stations have broadcast footage of Kurdish peshmerga fighters driving around the town. The mainly Christian town of Tilkaif, as well as al-Kwair, were overrun by militants, according to witnesses.
The “Islamic State” poses the biggest threat to Iraq’s integrity since the fall of former President Saddam Hussein in 2003. Its fighters and their Sunni allies also control a big chunk of western Iraq.
The group has deepened sectarian tensions, pushing the country back to the dark days of the civil war that peaked in 2006-2007 under United States-led occupation.
Bombings, kidnappings and executions are routine once again in Iraq, an member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Religious and ethnic minorities that live in the plains of the northern province of Nineveh are particularly vulnerable.
Sunni militants have been purging Shiite Muslims of the Shabak and ethnic Turkmen minorities from towns and villages in Nineveh and last month set a deadline for Christians to leave the provincial capital Mosul or be killed.
The death toll from car bombings in crowded markets in Shiite areas of Baghdad climbed overnight to 59, with 125 wounded, security and medical sources said.
The “Islamic State’s” gains have prompted Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, a Shiite, to order his air force to help the Kurds, whose reputation as fearsome warriors was called into question by their defeat.
There were several air force strikes on Wednesday, including one the government said killed 60 “terrorists” in Mosul, but they did not appear to have broken the “Islamic State’s” momentum.
The militants’ capture of the town of Sinjar, ancestral home of the Yazidi ethnic minority, prompted tens of thousands of people to flee to surrounding mountains, where they are at risk of starvation.
The “Islamic State” sees the Yazidis, followers of an ancient religion derived from Zoroastrianism, as “devil worshipers.” They are spread across a large area of northern Iraq and are part of the country’s Kurdish minority.
Many of their villages were destroyed when Saddam Hussein’s troops tried to crush the Kurds. Some were taken away by the executed former dictator’s intelligence agents.
Maliki has been serving in a caretaker capacity since an inconclusive election in April. He has defied calls by Kurds, Sunnis, fellow Shiites and regional power broker Iran to give up his bid for a third term and make room for a less polarizing figure who can unite Iraqis against the “Islamic State.”
But Maliki, an unknown when he first took office with considerable US support in 2006, remains defiant and has warned that any interference in the process of choosing a new prime minister would open the “gates of hell” in Iraq.
Thousands of Iraqis, predominantly from the minority Yazidi ethnic group, have fled to the Turkish border to escape the advance of the “Islamic State” fighters, local officials said on Thursday.
Around 150 Yazidis were placed in state residences in Turkey’s southeastern Şırnak province and around the nearby city of Batman after crossing the Habur border gate late on Wednesday, the officials said.
“Those who have passports crossed the border, but thousands of people who don’t are waiting at the other side,” said Seyfettin Aydemir, the mayor of Şırnak’s Silopi district.
“We’re in talks with regional lawmakers about the situation,” he said.
In a statement made on Thursday, the Alevi Bektaşi Federation (ABF) in Turkey expressed support for Yazidis and called on the international community to take an action against the attacks targeting the community. It is said in the statement that the “Islamic State” had attacked various ethnic minorities in Syria and is now carrying out massacres against Yazidis. The statement said Yazidis have had to flee to Mount Sinjar due to the attacks and have been suffering from a lack of water and food.