Analysis: Turkey’s power structure is under total transformation

”Few observers of Turkish politics are surprised that prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu has announced that he will step down at the end of the month” wrote Joseph Dana, in a powerful analysis in the National.

”The direction of travel in Turkish politics has been clear for some time. Having engineered a move from prime minister to president in 2014, Recep Tayyip Erdogan appears to be willing to stop at nothing to solidify his grip on power.”


Here are some points from his article, titled,  ‘Turkey’s deep state just became more mysterious” , exşploring the metamorphosis of the shady structures mobile in Ankara:

”The tensions between the president and the prime minister have simmered for months. The two leaders argued about the peace talks with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and other Kurdish militants. More ominously for Mr Erdogan, however, the prime minister has been uncharacteristically critical of the president’s plan to change the Turkish constitution in a way that would give Mr Erdogan far-reaching executive powers.

Giving the presidency more power and rewriting the constitution to allow Mr Erdogan to remain in power until at least 2020 is the final phase of the president’s plan. In no uncertain terms, Mr Erdogan will be untouchable as a politician. While Mr Davutoglu is warmly admired around the world as a pragmatic and sensible politician and statesman, it appears that Mr Erdogan won’t allow him to voice any criticism of his plans. So it was his time to go.

It is no coincidence that in Mr Erdogan’s first comments after accepting Mr Davutoglu’s departure he called for a “rapid shift” from the current parliamentary system to a presidential one to “avoid crisis”. The two candidates expected to replace Mr Davutoglu – transport minister Binali Yildirim and Berat Albayrak, Mr Erdogan’s son-in-law and energy minister – will almost certainly not pose any threat to plans to shift the governing structure.

This columnist and many others have written of Mr Erdogan’s increasing authoritarianism for some time. After this resignation is there any reason to ignore Turkey’s problem? It is safe to say that Mr Davutoglu’s departure shows that Mr Erdogan has no tolerance for opposition within his own party. Mr Erdogan will seemingly pursue his own agenda at any price.

Where does this announcement leave Turkey?

For one, the already rocky relations between Turkey and the European Union will probably get worse. European diplomats have made little attempt to conceal their contempt for Mr Erdogan.

At the same time, they have also demonstrated a genuine respect for Mr Davutoglu and his preference for soft rather than hard power in geopolitics. The pivotal refugee deal in which Turkey would receive financial aid and visa-free travel in the European Union in exchange for taking refugees that have made it to Greece is at risk.

Immediately after Mr Davutoglu announced that he was stepping down, Turkey president’s rejected the EU request to reform anti-terror laws as part of the refugee deal. We can expect more of this political posturing from Mr Erdogan now that he no longer has Mr Davutoglu doing his bidding for him in Brussels. At this critical time in Syria, chest beating in Ankara will not help anyone in the region.

We can also expect some internal political battles too. There have been rumours for years that Mr Davutoglu and Ali Babacan, a deputy prime minister in the AKP, could start their own political party to challenge Mr Erdogan’s stranglehold on power. While the president has shown that he will go to any lengths to maintain his grip on power, it does not preclude the rise of a new political challenger.

Turkey’s economy has taken a beating since the government shake-up. Right after Mr Davutoglu announced that he was stepping down, the Turkish lira dropped by 4 per cent against the US dollar. With a new central bank governor in place who will closely follow Mr Erdogan’s political directives, investors are concerned for the short- and medium-term prospects for the economy. We can expect artificially low-interest rates and heavy political interference in the actions of Turkey’s central bank, none of which bodes well.

Finally, and more ominously, we can expect more stifling of dissent and criticism of Mr Erdogan’s grand plans.

Turkey is at a pivotal moment in its history. Mr Erdogan is well on the road to entrenching his power beyond the reach of the Turkish people. Turkey has long fallen victim to rumours that forces operating beyond public accountability exercised untold power and influence. But the so-called deep state and nearly all aspects of the country’s governing structure are now at risk of total transformation. Mr Erdogan has demonstrated time and again that he will stop at nothing to ensure this transformation takes place. There is little time left for the Turkish people to stop him, if they so choose.

About yavuzbaydar

Yavuz Baydar has been an award-winning Turkish journalist, whose professional activity spans nearly four decades. In December 2013, Baydar co-founded the independent media platform, P24, Punto24, to monitor the media sector of Turkey, as well as organizing surveys, and training workshops. Baydar wrote opinion columns, in Turkish, liberal daily Ozgur Dusunce and news site Haberdar, and in English, daily Today's Zaman, on domestic and foreign policy issues related to Turkey, and media matters, until all had to cease publications due to growing political oppression. Currently, he writes regular chronicles for Die Süddeutsche Zeitung, and opinion columns for the Arab Weekly, as well as analysis for Index on Censorship. Baydar blogs with the Huffington Post, sharing his his analysis and views on Turkish politics, the Middle East, Balkans, Europe, U.S-Turkish relations, human rights, free speech, press freedom, history, etc. His opinion articles appeared at the New York Times, the Guardian, El Pais, Svenska Dagbladet, and Al Jazeera English online. Turkey’s first news ombudsman, beginning at Milliyet daily in 1999, Baydar worked in the same role as reader representative until 2014. His work included reader complaints with content, and commentary on media ethics. Working in a tough professional climate had its costs: he was twice forced to leave his job, after his self-critical columns on journalistic flaws and fabricated news stories. Baydar worked as producer and news presenter in Swedish Radio &TV Corp. (SR) Stockholm, Sweden between 1979-1991; as correspondent for Scandinavia and Baltics for Turkish daily Cumhuriyet between 1980-1992, and the BBC World Service, in early 1990's. Returning to Turkey in 1994, he worked as reporter and ediytor for various outlets in print, as well as hosting debate porogrammes in public and private TV channels. Baydar studied informatics, cybernetics and, later, had his journalism ediucatiob in the University of Stockholm. Baydar served as president of the U.S. based International Organizaton of News Ombudsmen (ONO) in 2003. He was a Knight-Wallace Fellow at University of Michigan in 2004. Baydar was given the Special Award of the European Press Prize (EPP), for 'excellence in journalism', along with the Guardian and Der Spiegel in 2014. He won the Umbria Journalism Award in March 2014 and Caravella/Mare Nostrum Prize in 2015; both in Italy. Baydar completed an extensive research on self-censorship, corruption in media, and growing threats over journalism in Turkey as a Shorenstein Fellow at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard.
This entry was posted in Turkey. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s